Bibliography

Women on the Web

  1. “A 2003 study found that women were much less likely than men to go online …”: Kennedy, Tracy, Barry Wellman, and Kristine Klement, “Gendering the Digital Divide.” IT and Society 1, no. 5 (2003): 149-172. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc /download?doi=10.1.1.177.1749&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  2. “Today, women make up more than half of the online population …“: Abraham, Linda Boland, Marie Pauline Mörn, and Andrea Vollman, Women on the Web: How Women are Shaping the Internet. Reston, VA: comScore, Inc., 2010. http://www.comscore.com/Insights/Presentations_and_Whitepapers/2010/Women_on_the_Web_How_Women_are_Shaping_the_Internet.
  3. “Nearly 30 percent of women’s online time is spent…”: Ibid. Neilsen, State of the Media: The Social Media Report 2012. http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/reports/2012/state-of-the-media-the-social-media-report-2012.html

Health

  1. “Nearly three-quarters of Internet users polled by Pew report that they look online at least occasionally…”: Fox, Susannah, “Pew Internet: Health.” Pew Research Center, July 1, 2013. Accessed August 6, 2013. http://www.pewinternet.org/Commentary/2011/November/Pew-Internet-Health.aspx
  2. “The American Public Health Association, in a 2001 statement…”: American Public Health Association, “Criteria for Assessing the Quality of Health Information on the Internet.” American Journal of Public Health 91, no. 3 (2001): 513-514.
  3. “WebMD, one of the URAC-accredited companies, is the largest health information portal on the web…”: Quantcast, “All Sites Rankings.” Accessed on August 6, 2013. https://www.quantcast.com/top-sites/US/1
  4. “More than half of all women report looking online for information about exercise or fitness…”: Fox, Susannah and Sydney Jones, “The Social Life of Health Information.” Pew Research Center, June 2009. http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2009/PIP_Health_2009.pdf
  5. “Research shows that an online food and exercise journal is an important component…”: Khaylis, Anna, Themis Yiaslas, Jessica Bergstrom, and Cheryl Gore-Felton, “A Review of Efficacious Technology-Based Weight-Loss Interventions: Five Key Components.” Telemedicine and E-Health 16, no. 9 (2010): 931-938.
  6. “However, journaling alone is not enough to achieve long-term success…”: Ibid.
  7. “…in fact, they are more likely to take advantage of social media to share what they know…”: Fox, Susannah and Kristen Purcell, “Chronic Disease and the Internet.” Pew Research Center, March 24, 2010. http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2010/PIP_Chronic_Disease_with_topline.pdf
  8. “Data from the Centers for Disease Control show that falls are the leading cause…”: Centers for Disease Control, “10 Leading Causes of Injury Deaths by Age Group Highlighting Unintentional Injury Deaths, United States - 2010.” Accessed on August 7, 2013. http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/pdf/10LCID_Unintentional_Deaths_2010-a.pdf
  9. “Across all age groups and categories, women are more likely to participate in an online community…”: Abraham, Linda Boland, Marie Pauline Mörn, and Andrea Vollman, Women on the Web: How Women are Shaping the Internet. Reston, VA: comScore, Inc., 2010. http://www.comscore.com/Insights/Presentations_and_Whitepapers/2010/Women_on_the_Web_How_Women_are_Shaping_the_Internet.
  10. “Individuals with chronic diseases are more likely…”: Fox, Susannah and Kristen Purcell, “Chronic Disease and the Internet.” Pew Research Center, March 24, 2010. http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2010/PIP_Chronic_Disease_with_topline.pdf
  11. “Online communities provide participants with emotional support…”: Newman, Mark W., Debra Lauterbach, Sean A. Munson, Paul Resnick, and Margaret E. Morris, “’It’s not that I don’t have problems, I’m just not putting them on Facebook’: Challenges and Opportunities in Using Online Social Networks for Health.” CSCW ‘11, Proceedings of the ACM 2011 conference on Computer supported cooperative work (2011): 341-350. doi: 10.1145/1958824.1958876.
  12. Neiger, Brad L., Rosemary Thackeray, Sarah A. Van Wagenen, Carl L. Hanson, Joshua H. West, Michael D. Barnes, and Michael C. Fagen, “Use of Social Media in Health Promotion: Purposes, Key Performance Indicators, and Evaluation Metrics.” Health Promotion Practice 13 (2012): 159-164. doi: 10.1177/1524839911433467

Family & Community

  1. “While the number of women employed full time has increased in recent decades…”: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “American Time Use Survey – 2012 Results.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 2013. Accessed August 6, 2013, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/atus.pdf.
  2. “Researchers hypothesized that this was due to gender differences in household responsibilities…”: Kennedy, Tracy, Barry Wellman, and Kristine Klement, “Gendering the Digital Divide.” IT and Society 1, no. 5 (2003): 149-172. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.177.1749&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  3. “Despite an increase in the proportion of women who work outside the home, data on gender divisions in household work…”: Mederer, Helen J., “Division of Labor in Two-Earner Homes: Task Accomplishment versus Household Management as Critical Variables in Perceptions about Family Work.” Journal of Marriage and Family 55, no. 1 (1993): 133-145. http://www.jstor.org/stable/352964
  4. “On an average day, 82 percent of women and 65 percent of men spent some time doing household activities…”: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “American Time Use Survey – 2012 Results.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/atus.pdf.
  5. “As weblog software was refined and simplified…”: Siles, Ignacio, “From Online Filter to Web Format: Articulating Materiality and Meaning in the Early History of Blogs.” Social Studies of Science, 41, no. 5 (2011): 737–758. http://sss.sagepub.com/content/41/5/737
  6. “Women are more likely to volunteer than men…”: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Volunteering in the United States – 2012.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 2013. Accessed August 6, 2013, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/volun.nr0.htm
  7. “In many families, women not only do most of the work toward maintaining relationships…”: Kennedy, Tracy, Barry Wellman, and Kristine Klement, “Gendering the Digital Divide.” IT and Society 1, no. 5 (2003): 149-172. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.177.1749&rep=rep1&type=pdf
  8. m Lopez, Lori Kido, “The Radical Act of ‘Mommy Blogging’: Redefining Motherhood Through the Blogosphere.” New Media and Society 11, no. 5 (2009): 729-747. doi: 10.1177/1461444809105349]

Commerce & Organization

  1. “Currently, 94 percent of the U.S. population age 16 and up has access to a mobile phone…”: Neilsen, The Mobile Consumer: A Global Snapshot, February 2013. http://www.nielsen.com/content/dam/corporate/us/en/reports-downloads/2013%20Reports/Mobile- Consumer-Report-2013.pdf
  2. “E-commerce has been increasing steadily over the past several years…”: U.S. Census Bureau, “2011 E-Stats.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce, 2013. http://www.census.gov/econ/estats/2011reportfinal.pdf.
  3. “Giving some credence to the stereotype…”: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “American Time Use Survey – 2012 Results.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/atus.pdf.
  4. “Females are just as likely as males to visit a retail site…”: Abraham, Linda Boland, Marie Pauline Mörn, and Andrea Vollman, Women on the Web: How Women are Shaping the Internet. Reston, VA: comScore, Inc., 2010. http://www.comscore.com/Insights/Presentations_and_Whitepapers/2010/Women_on_the_Web_How_Women_are_Shaping_the_Internet.
  5. “Women also make up a greater percentage of online buyers…”: Ibid.
  6. “The phenomenal success of online retailers…”: Ibid.
  7. “Women are also more likely to be value shoppers…”: Ibid.
  8. “Value shopping extends to group buying sites…”: Ibid.
  9. “Of those individuals who look for information, the most frequently cited source is the Internet…”: Rainie, Lee, Kristin Purcell, Amy Mitchell, and Tom Rosenteil, “Where People Get Information About Restaurants and Other Local Businesses.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, 2011. http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP-Local-business.pdf
  10. “Nearly three-quarters of American consumers used online banking services in 2012…”: Gross, Matthew B., Alexandra M. Rock, and Maximilian D. Schmeiser, Consumers and Mobile Financial Services 2013, March 2013. Washington, D.C.: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 2013. http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/mobile-devices/files/consumers-and-mobile-financial-services-report-201303.pdf.
  11. “Women make up the majority of the site’s users…”: Fehling, April, “So Pinterest Is a Woman’s World: Does that Matter?” All Tech Considered, National Public Radio, February 22, 2012. Accessed August 6, 2013. http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2012/02/22/147222619/so-pinterest-is-a-womans-world-does-that-matter
  12. Neilsen, Paid Social Media Advertising: Industry Update and Best Practices 2013. http://www.nielsen.com/content/dam/corporate/us/en/reports-downloads/2013%20Reports/Nielsen-Paid-Social-Media-Adv-Report-2013.pdf
  13. Neilsen, State of the Media: The Social Media Report 2012. http://www.nielsen.com/us/en/reports/2012/state-of-the-media-the-social-media-report-2012.html

Careers & Education

  1. “…individuals with lower educational attainment and households in the lower income brackets…”: Zickuhr, Kathryn, and Aaron Smith, “Digital Differences.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, April 13, 2012. Accessed August 8, 2013, http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Digital_differences_041312.pdf
  2. “…while women comprise nearly 47 percent of the American labor force…”: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Women in the Labor Force: A Databook.” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, February 2013. Accessed August 8, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/cps/wlf-databook-2012.pdf
  3. “While women make up more than half of college graduates overall,,,”: Zweben, Stuart, “Computing Degree and Enrollment Trends: From the 2011-2012 CRA Taulbee Survey.” Washington, D.C.: Computer Research Association, March 8, 2013. Accessed August 8, 2013. http://cra.org/govaffairs/blog/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/CRA_Taulbee_CS_Degrees_and_Enrollment_2011-12.pdf
  4. “…a recent survey by the Girl Scouts Research Institute…”: Modi, Kamla, Judy Schoenberg, and Kimberlee Salmond, Generation STEM: What Girls Say About Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. New York, N.Y.: Girl Scouts of the USA, 2012. http://www.girlscouts.org/research/pdf/generation_stem_full_report.pdf
  5. “An April 2013 article in the New York Times…”: Miller, Claire Cain, “Opening a Gateway for Girls to Enter the Computer Field.” New York Times, April 2, 2013. Accessed May 2, 2013, http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/04/02/opening-a-gateway-for-girls-to-enter-the-computer-field/?_r=0
  6. “Academic research on gender differences in business networking…”: McDonald, Steve, “What You Know or Who You Know? Occupation-specific Work Experience and Job Matching Through Social Networks.” Social Science Research 40 (2011): 1664–1675. doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2011.06.003
  7. “These differences extend to social networks as well…”: Hampton, Keith N., Lauren Sessions Goulet, Lee Rainie, and Kristen Purcell, “Social Networking Sites and Our Lives.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, June 16, 2011. Accessed August 8, 2013, http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP%20-%20Social%20networking%20sites%20and%20our%20lives.pdf
  8. “A 2012 cover story in The Atlantic…”: Slaughter, Anne Marie, “Why Women Still Can’t Have it All.” The Atlantic, July/August 2012. Accessed August 8, 2013, http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2012/07/why-women-still-cant-have-it-all/309020/
  9. “…one study found that individuals who spend more time on family experience a higher quality of life…”: Greenhaus, Jeffrey H., Karen M. Collins, and Jason D. Shaw, “The Relation Between Work-Family Balance and Quality of Life.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 63 (2003): 510-531. http://www.choixdecarriere.com/pdf/6573/2010/GreenhausCollinsShaw2003.pdf
  10. “…has resulted less in balance and more in what the Guardian newspaper…”: Hinsliff, Gaby, “The Merge: How Our Work-Life Balance is Changing.” The Guardian, December 31, 2012. Accessed on August 8, 2013, http://www.theguardian.com/money/2013/jan/01/merge-work-life-balance
  11. “…a recent article in The Atlantic notes that the OECD Better Life Index ranks the U.S. 28th…”: Thompson, Derek, “How Did Work-Life Balance in the U.S. Get So Awful?” The Atlantic, June 1, 2013. Accessed on August 8, 2013. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/06/how-did-work-life-balance-in-the-us-get-so-awful/276336/
  12. “The hours worked by moms have doubled…”: Ibid.
  13. “An article in Forbes magazine points out…”: Casserly, Meghan, “Female Founders: Overcoming the Cupcake Challenge and Mompreneur Stigma.” Forbes, March 22, 2011. Accessed on August 8, 2013, http://www.forbes.com/sites/meghancasserly/2011/03/22/female-founders-cupcake-challenge-gilt-groupe-learnvest-zipcar/
  14. “An annual survey by Babson Survey Research Group and the College Board reported…”: Allen, I. Elaine, and Jeff Seaman, “Changing Course: Ten Years of Tracking Online Education in the United States.” Wellesley, Mass.: Babson Survey Research Group, January 2013. Accessed on August 8, 2013, http://sloanconsortium.org/publications/survey/changing_course_2012
  15. “The Khan Academy website, which includes more than 3,400 instructional videos…”: Noer, Michael, “One Man, One Computer, 10 Million Students: How Khan Academy Is Reinventing Education.” Forbes, November 19, 2012. Accessed on August 8, 2013, http://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelnoer/2012/11/02/one-man-one-computer-10-million-students-how-khan-academy-is-reinventing-education/
  16. “In a survey conducted for the American Association of University Women…”: Kramare, Cheris, The Third Shift: Women Learning Online. Washington, D.C.: American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, August 2001. http://www.aauw.org/files/2013/02/The-Third-Shift-Women-Learning-Online-2001.pdf
  17. “The groups least likely to be online are adults age 65 or older…”: Zickuhr, Kathryn, and Aaron Smith, “Digital Differences.” Washington, D.C.: Pew Research Center, April 13, 2012. Accessed August 8, 2013, http://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Digital_differences_041312.pdf Williams, Nicole, “Infographic: Women and Mentoring in the U.S.” LinkedIn Blog, October 25, 2011. Accessed on August 12, 2013, http://blog.linkedin.com/2011/10/25/mentoring-women/

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